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Halitosis and salivary parameters in individuals with diabetes and periodontitis: a cross-sectional study

Edition v31n3  |  Year 2021  |  Category: Original Article  |  Page 57 to 72

Autors

Camila Barreto Dos Santos TOLOMEI, Julia Dias MAGALHÃES, Márcia Tosta XAVIER, Urbino Da Rocha TUNES, Roberta Santos TUNES

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Th is study evaluated the presence of halitosis and alterations in salivary parameters in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontitis (P). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with the following characteristics of both sexes were screened: Group (G)1: 16 patients with DM and with P; G2: 11 patients with DM and without periodontitis; G3: 14 non-diabetic patients with P and G4:15 non-diabetic patients without periodontitis. Physical and laboratory tests were performed, as well as analysis of tongue coating, halitometry and salivary parameters. RESULTS: Th is study showed positive and signifi cant correlations between periodontal parameters and tongue coating with volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) concentrations. Diabetic individuals showed higher levels of salivary urea (p = 0.018) and total protein (p = 0.001), as well as lower calcium levels (p = 0.0001). Groups G1, G2 e G3 showed higher values of salivary phosphate (p = 0.0001). However, there were no signifi cant diff erences between the groups regarding halitosis, salivary fl ow and buff er capacity (p = 0.95, p = 0.06, p = 0.318, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: DM and/or periodontitis infl uenced the presence of tongue coating, which was correlated with VSC parameters. However, DM and periodontitis did not directly infl uence halitosis as well as salivary parameters.

Keywords

Evidence-based practice. Diabetes mellitus. Periodontal disease. Halitosis.

How to quote

Tolomei CBS, Magalhães JD, Xavier MT, Tunes UR, Tunes RS. Halitosis and salivary parameters in individuals with diabetes and periodontitis: a cross-sectionalstudy. Braz J Periodontol. 2021 Sept-Dec;31(3):57-72.

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SOBRAPE is Member of

fpp

Federacion Iberopanamericana de Periodoncia

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